Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body’s cells – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. Blood is circulated around the body through blood vessels by the pumping action of the heart. Arterial blood carries oxygen from inhaled air to the tissues of the body, and venous blood carries carbon dioxide, a waste product of metabolism produced by cells, from the tissues to the lungs to be exhaled.
Human Blood is composed of
There is no substitute for blood. Despite all medical advances, no way of duplicating blood has been discovered. It can be generated only in our bodies. Only a human being can donate and help another human being.
Who can donate Blood
Good health of the donor must be fully ensured. The universally accepted criteria for Donor selection is:
Types of Blood Donors
Where to Donate
A person can donate blood either in a licensed blood bank, or at Voluntary blood donation camps organized by the Government Blood bank, Indian Red Cross Society Blood bank or any licensed blood bank which have permission to conduct VBD Camps from State Blood Transfusion Council.
Licensed blood banks
As per Drugs and Cosmetic Act 1945, licence will be issued to Blood Banks for the operation of a Blood Bank for processing whole Human Blood and its Components.
There are 184 licensed Blood Banks in the state which comprises
These 66 Blood Banks are further classified in to
Total Blood Requirement
As per World Health Organisation 1% of the population is the Blood requirement of the specific region. For Karnataka state the blood requirement for the year 2014-15 is 612213 blood units.
Blood & Blood products are biological products & considered as Drugs. Millions of lives are saved each year through blood transfusions. Nevertheless, people have an increased risk of becoming infected with HIV and other infections, such as Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C, Syphilis and Malaria through transfusions of blood and blood products, if they have not been collected and tested correctly. The risk of acquiring HIV through the transfusion of infected blood is virtually 100%. NACO has launched blood safety programme to prevent HIV transmission, by blood transfusion.
The Objectives of Blood Safety Programme
The Blood Safety Programme under NACP-IV aims to ensure provision of safe and quality blood to far-flung remote areas of the country in the shortest possible time through a well-coordinated National Blood Transfusion Service. The specific objective is to ensure reduction in the transfusion associated HIV transmission to 0.1 per cent. This is sought to be achieved by:
Blood Banks in Karnataka
Three are 184 Licensed Blood Banks in Karnataka, of Which 66 are NACO Assisted Blood Bank. Out of 184 Blood Banks, 40 are in Govt. Sector, 36 in Charitable, 5 in Indian Red Cross Society and 103 are in Private Sector.
Performance during 2014-15 (April-2014 to March-2015)
The total number of blood units collected during the year 2014-15 is 754485 of which about 68.8% of the units were collected through Voluntary Blood Donation. Out of this 38.27% of the voluntary donation was through camps (4527camps).
Proportion of Voluntary Blood Donations (VBD) by all Blood Banks (figure :1):
Over all voluntary blood donations by all blood banks in Karnataka was 68.8%. Chikkaballapur (100%), district recorded highest voluntary blood donations, followed by Gadag (99.5%), Kolar ((99.3%), Haveri (97.3%), Chamarajnagar (89.4%). The voluntary blood donation was less than state average in Kodagu, Mandya, Bidar, Uttara Kannada, Gulbarga, Hassan, Dharwad,Belgaum and Mysore districts.
Proportion of blood donor positive for HIV during 2014-15 (April-2014 to March-2015)
The highest HIV positivity among blood donors was in Kolar district (0.3%) followed by (0.29%) in Bagalakot and 0.2 % of blood donors were HIV positive at Chamarajnagar, Bidar, Koppal, Davanagere, Mandya and Tumkur districts. Over all 0.1 % of blood donors were HIV positive in Karnataka.