Targeted Intervention

In Karnataka more than 90% of HIV transmission is related to unprotected sex between an infected and uninfected individual. Not everyone in the population has the same risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV. Much of the HIV transmission in Karnataka occurs within groups or networks of individuals who have higher levels of risk due to a higher number of sexual partners.

The prevention of new infections in high risk groups is a major thrust in National AIDS Control Programme IV. The most effective means of preventing the spread of HIV infection in Karnataka is through the implementation of Targeted Intervention (TI).

The Major risk (core) groups covered by TI in Karnataka are

  1. Female Sex Worker (FSW)
  2. Male who have sex with Male (MSM)
  3. Injecting Drug Users (IDU)

The Bridge groups covered by TI programme are

  1. Truckers
  2. Migrants

“There are 126 Targeted Intervention being implemented by Partner NGOs/CBOs”

Services provided under Targeted Intervention:

  • Behavior Change Communication (BCC)
  • Condom provision – free male condoms distribution by Peer Educators
  • Treatment for Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
  • Provision of disposable needles and syringes for IDUs
  • Creating an enabling environment with community involvement and participation
  • Linkages to HIV and Syphilis testing bi annually
  • Linkages to care, support and treatment services if found HIV positive

The are 86,417 estimated number of FSWs, 27963 MSM, 1804 IDUs, 2,10,000 Migrant and 80,000 Truckers are covered under TI program in Karnataka. The district wise estimation of HRGs in Karnataka is given in Table 1.



  1. Targeted Intervention District Wise Details


Other Important Data


  1. Opioid Substitution Therapy

TI Publication

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